Promotieplechtigheid Ricardo Roura
The footprint of polar tourism: tourist behaviour on cultural
heritage sites in Antarctica and Svalbard|
This thesis aims to describe and interpret the effects of tourism on historic sites in Antarctica and Svalbard, and to assess the implications for management. The potential for the transformation of historic
sites has increased following the substantial expansion of polar tourism in recent decades. In this study
tourism has been examined from the perspective of behavioural archaeology (Schiffer, 2010 and refs.).
Research methods included site surveys, ethnographic observations, and repeat photography.
Tourism behaviour consists largely of a basic repertoire of actions that may result in interactions between
tourists, their artefacts, and historic sites. Visual and acoustic interactions (instructions, narratives) may
lead tourists towards (or away from) particular site features. Mechanical interactions such as trampling
and handling may change the condition and integrity of historic site components and damage the
archaeological record on the ground surface and subsurface. The tourism “footprint” consists of an
assemblage of behavioural traces, which develop on different temporal, spatial, and behavioural scales.
Tourism does not takes place at unchanging sites that are “frozen in time”, but rather at sites that are
undergoing decay. Tourism contributes to this process. Tourism traces may modify traces of previous
activities, without necessarily removing them entirely. Tourism has a minor effect on historic sites in
relation to that of natural processes, but tends to focus on significant site features that may be vulnerable
Tourism impacts may detract from the archaeological [value] of historic sites. These impacts should be
managed despite the ongoing decay of historic sites using, inter alia, dedicated environmental impact
assessment and monitoring; qualified guides with enhanced responsibility to enforce regulations; and
Reference: Schiffer, M.B. (2010): Behavioural archaeology: principles and practice. London: Equinox.
When: 28 april 2011 om 16:15 uur
Where: Aula van het Academiegebouw, Broerstraat 5 te Groningen
Promotor: Prof. Dr. L. Hacquebord
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|Willem Barentsz Poolinstituut|
Bundeling van kennis, onderzoek en onderwijs over de Noord- en de Zuidpool
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